What is Otitis Media?

Otitis media is an inflammatory disease in the ear. It is called this kind, when the inflammation is localized in the middle ear.

Human ears are divided into outer ear, middle ear and inner ear. There is an eardrum between the middle ear and the outer ear, and there is an Eustachian tube that communicates with the Nasopharynx. The function of the Eustachian tube is to discharge the secretions of the middle ear to the nasopharynx and Maintain the Balance Between the middle ear and the atmospheric pressure.  

However, when a person catches a cold , it is easy to block the Eustachian tube, cause hydrops in the middle ear or Sunken Eardrum, which makes it easy for bacteria to breed and cause it will be suppuration.

What are the different Types of otitis media?

  • Acute otitis media
  • Otitis media with Effusion.
  • Chronic otitis media with effusion

Otitis Media Symptoms

If you suffer from Otitis, you will have a sudden fever, earache, and ear swelling. In addition, children may cry and become restless, lose your appetite, and even vomit. Severe patients may even have temporary hearing loss and Ear Discharge.

Otitis Media Causes

It’s can be divided into acute and chronic. Acute media is a complication of respiratory tract infection. Most patients with otitismedia are children. They all develop this disease after catching a cold.

Read Also: What is Otology? Symptoms, Causes, Prevention and Treatment

Treat Personal

It by yourself If you find that you have this (especially young children), you should see a doctor as soon as possible. Prior to this, the following methods can be used to care for the patient.

Lower body temperature: It’s can cause fever. Take off the patient’s excess clothes and wipe the body with a warm damp cloth. Take painkillers at the same time to reduce discomfort.

Drink a lot of water: Replenish the water lost by the body due to fever. Drinking cold water can help lower body temperature.

Otitis Media Treatment

It is mostly caused by bacteria, so patients can take antibiotics as directed by their doctor. The treatment time takes 10 to 14 days. If antibiotic treatment is ineffective, check the ears for fluid or suppuration. If necessary, consider cutting the eardrum to remove the pustules. Normally, there will be no complications after the operation, and the perforation will heal again within 1 to 2 days.


There is no special prevention method. If you have a cold, we’d better consult a doctor for early treatment to avoid otitismedia due to a cold.

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