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What you should know about Gastroesophageal Reflux Surgery?

“Some gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) procedures are performed as open surgeries through surgeons’ incisions in the abdomen,” says Dr. Samrat Jankar, among the leading gastrointestinal surgeons from Pune.

Laparoscopic surgeries, which require small incisions, are another option. Surgeons may also use Non-surgical options that are performed as outpatient procedures.

Medication and lifestyle changes, such as a change in diet, are usually the first steps in treating GERD. However, if these do not work, surgery may be an option.

The pros and cons of GERD surgery and recovery times, complications, and success rates are discussed in this article. It also looks into other options for treating GERD.

What is GERD?

GERD is an acronym for gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Stomach acid enters the esophagus, which connects the mouth and stomach when a person has GERD.

This is referred to as acid reflux by doctors. It can irritate and damage the esophageal lining.

According to Dr. Samrat Jankar, many people occasionally experience acid reflux or gastroesophageal reflux (GER), especially after consuming spicy foods or consuming a large, heavy meal.

On the other hand, GERD is a chronic condition that causes symptoms at least twice a week.

Heartburn, a burning sensation in the chest, is one of the symptoms of GERD.

Symptoms of GERD include:

  • a painful feeling in the chest called heartburn
  • chest discomfort
  • difficulties with swallowing
  • nausea
  • regurgitation of food or stomach acid
  • feeling like there is a lump in the throat

Types of GERD surgeries and other medical procedures

If a person with GERD does not get relief from medications and has complications from the condition, such as bleeding or ulcers, doctors may recommend surgery or other medical procedures.

Surgeons can use a variety of procedures to help a person with GERD symptoms. They are as follows:

Fundoplication

The gold standard in GERD surgery is fundoplication. The surgeon uses the upper part of the stomach during the procedure to reinforce and tighten the lower esophagus and strengthen the sphincter. This muscle bundle keeps the stomach contents from moving back up the esophagus.

According to Dr. Samrat Jankar, Fundoplication can be done laparoscopically (keyhole surgery) or openly (open surgery).

Open surgery is more invasive, and the surgical wound is more significant, resulting in a longer recovery time.

Linx surgery

The Linx is a tiny ring made up of magnetic titanium beads. The surgeon wraps the Linx around the lower esophageal sphincter during the process to compress and strengthen the area.

Because of their magnetic nature, the Linx can open and close to allow food to pass through while preventing stomach acid from entering the esophagus.

The procedure is simple, safe, and practical, with a quick recovery time.

Transoral incisionless fundoplication 

TIF is a non-surgical treatment of GERD symptoms by healing the original reflux barrier. Doctors may choose the TIF procedure if fundoplication is not a choice for someone.

During TIF, a surgeon uses the EsophyX device, which is a one-of