Read about the risk of HIV transmissions which depend on exposure type, see the list of HIV transmission rates often sexual contact & Drugs are one of the reasons to transmit human immunodeficiency virus.
In the last few years the phase of HIV infections in US has increased and HIV disease is the worldwide phenomenon today, because the question comes into mind how to control the HIV virus even it is still not curable completely.
World Health Organization shows the statistics of HIV infected population facts & figures, 1.5 million people passed away because of HIV related disease, high rates of death and transmission is a terrible sign to launch more awareness campaigns to prevent the spread of the virus.
Calculate the risk of HIV transmission is not an easy task for the researchers to find out the reasons of exposure, is it transmitted through sex HIV, do this effectively HIV negative people should follow over the time their exposures to HIV, so it could be easier, in that case, to identify the number of time to be exposed and type of exposure and tracked.
Rate and risk to attain HIV virus from an infected person varies on the type of exposure to HIV sex, use of drugs, dental instruments, and other reasons.
HIV Transmission Rates
through the human fluids such as discussed below:
- Breast milk
- Vaginal discharge
We will further discuss which type of exposure are the major reasons or most likely cause to spread the virus, learn how to find antiretroviral therapy can make the difference.
How HIV Transmit From Blood
CDC center of disease control and prevention is actually providing the details with numbers that what is the risk of contracting HIV from an infected person. Institute debates the probabilities of how many times the risk of transmission of HIV disease per 1000 exposures.
If your exposure to blood transfusion from infected people of 1000 there are chances of HIV will transmit in 9250 times to other people carrying negative HIV.
HIV is spreading very fast from a blood transfusion, according to the research of CDC explains further that in case direct HIV donor is the route of exposure who is carrying the HIV virus will cause the highest reasons to transmit the disease.
Read Also: Early Symptoms of HIV in Men
Thus screening measures while transfusion of blood should be very strict, testing of HIV virus before transfusion of blood and follow the guidelines sops of Health standard to minimize the risk of HIV virus spreading.
Needle sharing must be avoided and strictly ban, because needle sharing is one reason to spread the HIV infection, for example, a community of drug users is frequently using the same needle from one person to another, accidental needle sticks at hospitals are the added ways to transmit the HIV infection but less likely to transmit the disease if we compare the blood transfusion method. CDC guesses around 63 out of 1000 exposures to be infected by sharing of needle.
HIV Risk for Sexual Transmission
If you do sex with your partner already infected with HIV positive infection will defiantly increase your risk of contracting HIV virus. CDC estimates the numbers with anal intercourse with sex partners carry HIV transmission behavior study. Out of 1000 possibilities of anal sex, the virus is transmitted to 138 times.
Sexual intercourse is the second-highest reasons to transmit the HIV both vaginal or anal intercourse, one study of CDC shows that risk is also there for receptive penile-vaginal sex numbers are 8 out of 1000 exposures. Finally, Signs of HIV in Men all kinds of sex relations with positive HIV partner is at risk transmitting the infection from oral, anal, vaginal intercourse to acquire HIV.
How Mother Transmit the HIV to Children
HIV infection can also transmit from mother to children through breastfeeding, this situation is very confusing if the mother doesn’t know that she is carrying HIV positive. Mother can also transmit HIV during pregnancy time, if your test positive at the time of pregnancy. There are medications that will reduce the risk of transmission of HIV to baby or time of labor.
From mother to infant HIV transmission, the National Institute of Health predicts that in the United States 1760 babies born with positive HIV infection during pregnancy in 1992.