Exercise Physiology. Exercise physiologists examine their victims’ fitness to help them increase their health or maintain good health. They treat patients with heart disease and other permanent conditions, like diabetes or pneumonia (lung) disease, to regain their health.
Aerobic exercise (Aerobic Exercise )
Aerobic exercise is a more gentle exercise, such as walking, jogging, swimming, aerobic dance, tai chi, and riding a bicycle, and so on. During these exercises, due to the low intensity of exercise, the required energy is also low, and it does not need to be provided quickly in a short time so that the body can easily inhale enough oxygen to supply the muscles for exercise.
Due to the sufficient oxygen in the cells, the cells can not only produce more energy more efficiently but also reduce the production of lactic acid, so that the body muscles will not easily feel tired and sore. At the same time, the heart and lungs can better match the rhythm of aerobic exercise without feeling too much hypoxic stress, which is good for the elderly and those with poor health.
In addition, Exercise Physiology can last longer. When glucose is consumed as an energy source to a certain extent, the body begins to use alternative substances as energy sources. Next is a fatty substance being consumed, so that not only the formation of excess fat but also can help clean up the blood free of fat, reduced fat accumulation in the vessel wall blocking blood vessels, reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Another benefit of aerobic exercise is that it can expand the range of activities of various parts of the body through a soft rhythm, not just exercise a certain muscle, so the development of the entire body is more balanced and healthy.
Hypoxic Exercise / Anaerobic Exercise
Normal muscle exercise requires energy consumption. The greater the intensity of exercise, the more energy it needs to pay. In the process of providing energy, the body consumes a certain amount of oxygen. When the exercise intensity exceeds a certain limit, the body’s intake of oxygen may not be fast enough to cause a relatively hypoxic state, which is called hypoxic exercise (Anaerobic Exercise).
During hypoxic exercise, muscle cells need to break down pre-stored glycogen to produce glucose 6-phosphate. Glucose 6-phosphate is further decomposed under an anaerobic body, releasing energy in the form of ATP. The energy generated in this form is much lower than the level generated under aerobic conditions, but it can be used as a temporary emergency.
Common Hypoxic Exercises (Anaerobic Exercise) include 100-meter sprints and weight lifting exercises. It can stimulate the development of muscle cells and the cardiopulmonary system by creating a Hypoxic body environment. The lack of oxygen resulting from the accumulation of lactic acid in the muscles causes muscle fatigue and soreness. Moreover, the requirements for the body’s cardiopulmonary system are high, which is not suitable for the frail elderly.