What Is a Gynecology?

Gynecology (from the Greek gyne – woman, logos – science) is a branch of medicine that deals with the study of diseases that are characteristic only of the woman’s body, first of all, these are diseases of the female reproductive system to Gynecologist.

Gynecology includes:

  • Pediatric Gynecology,
  • Adolescent Gynecology,
  • Gynecological Endocrinology,
  • Treatment of Inflammatory and infectious diseases.


Contacting a Gynecologist is necessary if there is at least one of the following signals in the body:

  • The appearance of discharge (purulent, bloody, profuse, with an unpleasant odor, etc.);
  • Absence of menstruation in girls who have reached the age of 15;
  • Itching and burning in the urethra and genitals;
  • Rash, redness of the labia;
  • Long menstrual period;
  • Unprotected sexual intercourse;
  • Pain during intercourse;
  • Pain in the lower abdomen;
  • Suspicion of pregnancy;
  • Menopause;
  • Amenorrhea.

Today, more and more women are trying to choose the services of paid gynecological clinics. Patients like a cozy atmosphere, an individual approach to every woman, qualified, friendly staff and the use of modern techniques in the treatment of many diseases.

The medical center “Uro-Pro” employs competent specialists who are ready to help you solve problems related to women’s health. Here you can consult a doctor, undergo an ultrasound examination, and take any tests. The gynecologists of our clinic select the optimal treatment regimen for each patient.


The Gynecologist of the clinic will help you cope with such problems as:

  • Premenstrual syndrome, as well as heavy menstruation;
  • Hormone-dependent disorders of the reproductive system;
  • Eexually transmitted infections;
  • The problem of the climacteric period;
  • Early diagnosis of pregnancy;
  • Menstrual irregularities;
  • Selection of contraceptive methods;
  • Inflammatory diseases;
  • Uterine fibroids, endometriosis;
  • Cervical erosion;
  • Trichomoniasis;
  • Endometriosis;
  • Thrush;
  • Infertility;
  • Candidiasis, etc.

The Department of Gynecologist is one of the main specializations of the clinic. Our specialists conduct pregnancy for women from the early stages, including pregnancy with serious chronic diseases of the patient: heart disease, kidney disease, thyroid gland. Reception is also carried out for reasons of miscarriage or planning a pregnancy.

The female reproductive system can be divided into two parts: the external reproductive system and the internal reproductive system.

The external reproductive system includes the labia majora, labia minora, vagina and clitoris.

The internal reproductive system refers to the internal vaginal compartment, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and attached pelvic membranes and ligaments. These pelvic organs are located behind the pubic bone.

  • The uterus is a pear-shaped organ with a wide uterine body on the top and a narrow cervix extending downward into the vaginal cavity.
  • The front of the uterus is the bladder, and the back is the rectum. The two upper corners of the uterus lead to the left and right fallopian tubes respectively.
  • The outermost end of the fallopian tube opens in the peritoneal cavity, very close to the ovary.
  • The ovary is prolate and oval, attached to the side of the uterus through ligaments. The uterine wall can be divided into three layers, which are the inner membrane, the muscle layer and the outer membrane.

Give birth to Embryos

The uterus provides a place for embryos to grow. First of all, its inner membrane will undergo a series of changes along with changes in body hormones.

Form menstruation

The endometrium gradually develops and thickens under the action of estrogen, and produces some secretions. At this time is the best time to get pregnant, because it can provide enough nutrition for the embryo. If you have not conceived, the thickened endometrium will shrink due to the decrease of female hormones, and eventually fall off, forming menstrual discharge.

Combine with Sperm

There are a large number of pre-formed primordial follicles in the ovary. Usually one follicle matures gradually under the stimulation of hormones every month, and finally ruptures to release the egg. The egg will be adsorbed to the lining of the fallopian tube, waiting for the sperm to travel from the vagina, cervix, and uterus to the fallopian tube. When the sperm and egg are combined, the fertilized egg will then roll into the uterus, where it will formally implant and continue to develop into an embryo.


The myometrium of the uterus will proliferate and develop during pregnancy, and contract during childbirth to expel the fetus.

Common gynecological diseases are:

  • Vaginal
  • Endometriosis
  • Cervical cancer
  • Menstrual pain
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Breast cancer
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Uterine flexion
  • Vulvar cancer
  • Menopause
  • Recurrent amenorrhea
  • Abnormal menstrual bleeding 
  • Uterine prolapse

Gynecological diseases common symptoms:

. Breast lumps
. Menstrual pain
. Leucorrhea

Nursing: Treatments for gynecological diseases include antibiotics, hormones, and surgical treatments.


Preventive measures vary according to various diseases. The main ones are to pay attention to personal hygiene, avoid promiscuity, safe sex, and do not abuse contraceptives and hormones, because their side effects may cause other diseases.

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