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Kidney stones: Causes, symptoms, and treatment

What are the first signs of kidney stones?

Kidney stones are 10 times as common now as at the turn of the twentieth century. This parallels the dramatic increase in the consumption of animal proteins and with it the rise in heart disease, gallstones, high blood pressure, and diabetes associated with the standard North American diet. More than 10% of males and 5% of females experience kidney stones during their lifetime.

Kidney stones are usually composed of calcium oxalic acid. Less commonly, stones are made of uric acid and other mixed minerals and amino acids. Determining the type of stone and its cause leads to a better-designed prevention program.