What is Otolaryngology?
It is a field of medicine that diagnoses, treats and prevents diseases of the ear, throat and nose. An Otolaryngology is called an Otology or ENT, and serves as both a therapist and a surgeon.
What does Otolaryngologist treat?
What does an otorhinolaryngology specialist treat? He deals with the therapy of the following pathological conditions:
- Sore Throat;
- Inflammatory Processes in the Nasopharynx;
- Acute, Chronic and congenital diseases of the ear departments;
- Acute, Chronic and allergic rhinitis, sinusitis.
In addition to a thorough examination of the ENT organs, analysis of patient complaints and collection of anamnesis, the otorhinolaryngologist uses the data of the following tests to make the correct diagnosis: nasal swab culture (for the presence of staphylococci, microflora composition), nasopharynx (for meningococci) and pharynx (for staphylococci and streptococci) ).
Also, this specialist can prescribe a study of discharge from the ears and biological material taken from the maxillary sinuses and tonsils. In addition, the otorhinolaryngologist, if necessary, prescribes computed tomography, audiometry, ultrasound of ENT organs, endoscopy, mangit resonance examination, laryngoscopy, electronystagmography, otoscopy and rhinoscopy to the patient.
The nose is located in the center of the face. Otolaryngology is composed of the external nose, nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. The upper part of the bridge of the external nose contains hard bones, and the lower part is cartilage. The wing of the nose enlarged on both sides of the tip of the nose
The nasal cavity is divided into left and right cavities by the nasal septum. There are nasal hairs, nasal mucosa, and abundant fine blood vessels in the nasal cavity. The upper and lower parts of the nasal septum are also composed of hard bone and cartilage. The outer wall of the nasal cavity has three parallel elongated structures called turbinates. The nasal passage under the turbinate is the opening of the paranasal passage and the nasolacrimal passage.
The paranasal sinuses are located around the nasal cavity and are hollow chambers in the skull of the face. There is also a mucosal arrangement inside, and it is directly connected to the nasal cavity.
The Checkpoint to transport air
One of the functions of the nasal cavity is to provide unobstructed passages for air to enter the lower respiratory tract smoothly. Nose hair has the function of filtering and gentle air. The mucus secreted by the nasal mucosa can absorb dust or microorganisms in the air.
Identify the smell
The nasal cavity also has specialized olfactory receptors, which can help distinguish different smells.
Help form a voice
Paranasal sinuses not only help the circulation of air in the nasal cavity, but also help the formation of speech.
Common diseases of the nose:
- Allergic rhinitis
- Nose bleeding
- Nasal polyps
- Acute rhinitis
Common Symptoms Nose
- Nose bleeding
- Stuffed nose
- Runny nose
The maneuver: Nose injuries
Foreign body enters the nose
When you suffer from allergic rhinitis, you should try to avoid contact with objects that cause allergies, use appropriate nose drops according to the doctor’s instructions, and should not exceed the prescribed time limit.
Don’t pick your nose, so as not to damage the nasal mucosa and cause epistaxis. Find the Otolaryngologist Near me and consult a Otolaryngology doctor