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What is Otolaryngology? Symptoms, Causes, Prevention and Treatment

What is Otolaryngology?

It is a field of medicine that diagnoses, treats and prevents diseases of the ear, throat and nose. An Otolaryngology is called an Otology or ENT, and serves as both a therapist and a surgeon.

What does Otolaryngologist treat?

What does an otorhinolaryngology specialist treat? He deals with the therapy of the following pathological conditions:

  • Sore Throat;
  • Inflammatory Processes in the Nasopharynx;
  • Acute, Chronic and congenital diseases of the ear departments;
  • Acute, Chronic and allergic rhinitis, sinusitis.

ENT Diagnostics

In addition to a thorough examination of the ENT organs, analysis of patient complaints and collection of anamnesis, the otorhinolaryngologist uses the data of the following tests to make the correct diagnosis: nasal swab culture (for the presence of staphylococci, microflora composition), nasopharynx (for meningococci) and pharynx (for staphylococci and streptococci) ).

Also, this specialist can prescribe a study of discharge from the ears and biological material taken from the maxillary sinuses and tonsils. In addition, the otorhinolaryngologist, if necessary, prescribes computed tomography, audiometry, ultrasound of ENT organs, endoscopy, mangit resonance examination, laryngoscopy, electronystagmography, otoscopy and rhinoscopy to the patient.

The nose is located in the center of the face. Otolaryngology is composed of the external nose, nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. The upper part of the bridge of the external nose contains hard bones, and the lower part is cartilage. The wing of the nose enlarged on both sides of the tip of the nose

The nasal cavity is divided into left and right cavities by the nasal septum. There are nasal hairs, nasal mucosa, and abundant fine blood vessels in the nasal cavity. The upper and lower parts of the nasal septum are also composed of hard bone and cartilage. The outer wall of the nasal cavity has three parallel elongated structures called turbinat