What is Dentistry?

Dentistry is a branch of medicine that studies the structure and interaction of the organs of the dentoalveolar system, dentists, dental care, Oral health, dentistry and dental hygiene the causes of the development of diseases of the teeth, soft tissues and jaws. The main task of dentistry is the treatment and prevention of pathologies of the oral cavity and maxillofacial region.

Dentists of various specialties deal with the following problems:

  • Treatment of diseases of the teeth and periodontal tissues;
  • Pathology of the gums and soft tissues of the oral cavity;
  • Correction of malocclusion;
  • Defects of the dentition;
  • Injuries and pathologies of the maxillofacial region.

Dentist or Dentist – A doctor who is a specialist in dentistry. In some countries, dental technicians are called dentists. Dentists work closely with doctors of other specialties, in particular therapists, surgeons, neuropathologists, otolaryngologists.

Teeth are the hardest organs in the human body. Growth stage . According to the stages of tooth growth and development, teeth can be divided into deciduous teeth and permanent teeth. The deciduous teeth begin to erupt at 6 months of age and are completed by about 3 years of age.

There are 20 teeth in total. Milk teeth began to fall off at the age of 6, and permanent teeth gradually grew at the same time. All permanent teeth will grow up to about 12 years old, but after the age of 18, most people will grow 4 wisdom teeth, a total of about 32.


The components of teeth include dentin, enamel, cementum and pulp cavity. Dentin is the body that constitutes the tooth. Enamel is the hardest substance on the outer layer of a tooth crown. Cementum is the part that covers the outer layer of the tooth root. There are blood vessels and nerves in the pulp cavity. The teeth are surrounded by alveolar bone and periodontal ligament.

Teeth can be subdivided into incisors, canines, premolars and molars according to their function and position. Each tooth has three parts: crown, gingival margin and neck.

Chew and Swallow: to help mainly to chew food, easy to swallow.

Help to Pronounce: Can help normal vocalization. People who have lost their teeth often have speech “air leakage”.

Neat Appearance: Another unobvious, but very important function, that is, clean and neat teeth make people look more beautiful.

Common Dental Diseases:

  • Periodontal disease
  • Bottle teeth
  • Tooth decay
  • Toothache
  • Malocclusion

Wisdom teeth grow wild common symptoms dentistry: Toothache

Dental Care

Personal Care includes surface covered with ice, take painkillers when toothache. If the pain persists for a period of time or becomes more severe, you should see the dentist as soon as possible.

Dental Disease Prevention

To prevent Dental disease, first pay attention to dental care, eat less snacks, especially sweets that tend to stick to your teeth; develop the habit of brushing your teeth diligently, brush your teeth after eating, brush your teeth for about five minutes each time. The toothbrush should be a nylon toothbrush with moderate hardness, and the toothpaste should contain fluoride.

Brushing Method, There are Two: one is straight up and down brush method, and the other is a flat brush cleaning method, most people agree that straight teeth brush method can clean more thoroughly, brush your teeth at the same time point to use force, but should not be too hard .

If you can go to the dentist’s office for regular checkups, you can find early lesions as soon as possible.

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